Located on a small island
at the mouth of the river
that leads to Charleston, SC
Fort Sumter is where the first shots of the Civil War occurred. On Friday, April 12, 1861, at 4:30AM the Confederated Army began firing upon the Union Army inside Fort Sumter. Two and a half hours passed before the Union Army would return fire and thirty four hours later the battle stopped, the fort was surrendered and evacuated. Two years later the Union Army tried to retake the fort but were unsuccessful.
Fort Moultrie was originally built with palmetto logs and dirt before the American Revolution. It has been rebuilt many times since then and upgraded right through World War II. It is the only property in the National Park System where the entire 171 year history (1776-1947) of the American seacoast defense system can be traced.
"On August 15, 1947, the Army lowered Fort Moultrie's flag for the last time and ended 171 years of service. After World War II, due to changes in military technology, including submarines and nuclear weapons, seacoast defense of the United States ceased to be a viable strategy." - Wikipedia
FORT SUMTER NATIONAL MONUMENT
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